Penjelasan tentang Modal Verb dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Penjelasan tentang Modal Verb dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Pengertian modal verb

Modal verb adalah auxiliary verb, bisa juga disebut modal auxiliary verb.

Contoh modal verbs

Modals terdiri dari beberapa verbs yaitu:

– must

– shall

– will

– should

– would

– ought to

– can

– could

– may

– might

Modal verb dapat memberikan makna khusus kepada main verb (verb utama).

Pola / Bentuk Modal Verb

1. Bentuk atau rumus modals pada kalimat positif

Modal verb terletak diantara Subject dan Main Verb.

bentuk dan rumus kalimat positif dengan modal dan contohnya

Contoh kalimat positif dengan menggunakan modal verb

– You ought to study harder, artinya = Kamu seharusnya belajar lebih giat.

– Rosma might come, artinya = Rosma mungkin datang.

2. Bentuk atau rumus modals pada kalimat negatif

Menambahkan kata “not” setelah modal.

rumus kalimat negatif dengan modal verb dan contoh kalimatnya

Contoh kalimat negatif menggunakan modal


– You ought not to come, artinya Anda seharusnya tidak datang.

– You shouldn’t stay there, artinya Kamu sebaiknya tidak tinggal di sana.

3. Bentuk atau rumus modals pada kalimat tanya

Polanya seperti pada kalimat positif, hanya saja posisi modal mendahului subject.

rumus pola kalimat tanya dengan modal auxiliary dan contoh kalimatnya

Contoh kalimat tanya menggunakan modal verb


– Haruskah kita pergi? , bahasa Inggrisnya Ought we to go?

– Mungkinkah ia datang?, bahasa Inggrisnya Might she come?

– Apakah seharusnya kita tidak tinggal di sini? , bahasa Inggrisnya Shouldn’t we stay?

Ketentuan modal auxiliary verb (Rules of modal auxiliary verb)

1. Modal verb diikuti oleh main verb, main verb berbentuk infinitive (tanpa “to”).

2. Pada kalimat negatif atau kalimat tanya, modal verb tidak memerlukan auxiliary.

Contoh yang salah:

She doesn’t can understand me.
Does he can understand me?

Contoh yang benar:

She can’t understand me.
Can he understand me?

3. Untuk orang ketiga tunggal (he, she, it), modal verb ditulis/diucapkan tanpa tambahan huruf “s” dibelakangnya.

Contoh yang salah:

He cans pay for the course.

Contoh yang benar:

He can pay for the course.

4. Pada ketentuan nomor satu disebutkan bahwa modal verb adalah berbentuk infinitive tanpa “to”, namun ada pengecualian di sini , yaitu:

a. ought to

b. have to

c. need to

Modal verbs yang dapat di ganti dengan verb lain

1. Can dapat diganti dengan be able to

Contoh:

Rosda can play guitar = Rosda is able to play guitar.

2. Must dapat diganti dengan have to

Contoh:

You must come here = You have to come here.

Makna modal verbs

1. will bermakna future

Contoh kalimat:

– She will travel to Jogja next month.

2. might bermakna small probability

Contoh kalimat:

We might move to new office some day.

3. should bermakna recommendation

Contoh kalimat:

You should go to the hospital.

4. ought to bermakna formal recommendation

Contoh kalimat:

You ought to know about the theory.

5. had better bermakna warning

Contoh kalimat:

You had better study hard or you will fail.

6. may bermakna permission; good probability

Contoh kalimat:

– permission => May I go there?

– good probability => Palupi may visit us this week.

7. must bermakna responsibility; assumption; stronger than should

Contoh kalimat:

– responsibility => All of you must pay the bill.

– assumption => I didn’t see Asrini. She must be sick.

8. would bermakna past; present unreal

Contoh kalimat:

– used to => When my father was young, he would go there on foot.

– present unreal => I would buy that house but I can’t afford it.

9. shall bermakna offer; contractual obligation

Contoh kalimat:

– Offer => Shall I clean it?

– contractual obligation => I shall pay your salary.

10. could bermakna unreal ability; past ability; knew how to

Contoh kalimat:

You could visit us if you had time

11. can bermakna present ability; permission; be allowed to; know how to

Contoh kalimat :

– present ability => I can speak Arabic.

– permission => Can I call you?

Contoh soal dan jawaban membuat kalimat menggunakan modal verb.

a. Instruksi: ubah kalimat positif di bawah menjadi kalimat negatif.

1. Rudy must go to the hospital today.

2. You should phone Palupi as soon as possible.

3. I can stay there for two days.

Jawab:

1. Rudy mustn’t go to the hospital today.

2. You should not phone Palupi as soon as possible.
atau You shouldn’t phone Palupi as soon as possible.

3. I can’t stay there for two days.

b. Instruksi: ubah kalimat positif di bawah menjadi kalimat pertanyaan.

1. You can talk to Asrini for me.

2. I must say goodbye to Rosma.

3. She can understand me. (change to negative question)

Jawab

1. Can you talk to Asrini for me?

2. Must I say goodbye to Rosma?

3. Can’t she understand me?

Pelajari subject di bawah ini untuk melengkapi pemahaman tentang verb

Contoh penggunaan will dan would

Verb + to infinitive

Verb + Gerund

Rumus dan Contoh kalimat had better

Pola dan contoh kalimat would rather

Pola dan Aturan verb+ed dan verb+ing

Contoh phrasal verb beserta contoh kalimat

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *