Rangkuman Materi Kelas 10 SMA SMK MA MAK Chapter IV Teks Descriptive terbaru 2020

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Rangkuman Materi Kelas 10 SMA SMK MA MAK Chapter IV Teks Descriptive terbaru 2020

Selamat pagi para pengunjung blog tercinta (beloved visitors), pagi ini menjelang siang admin/penulis akan berbagi konten materi Bahasa Inggris SMA SMK MA di masa pandemi COVID-19 ini. Diharapkan Rangkuman Materi Kelas 10 Chapter IV Teks Descriptive ini bermanfaat bagi siapa saja yang menginginkan materi ini. Selain Rangkuman materi, penulis juga masih menyusun soal-soal baik soal dokumen PDF maupun Soal Online yang dapat diakses langsung via HP Android ataupun Iphone anda. Okay, berikut ini adalah Rangkuman Teks Descriptive (Historical places, etc):

   I.   Tujuan Pembelajaran/Kompetensi Dasar
1.    Mengidentifikasi  makna,  fungsi  sosial,  struktur  teks,  dan  unsur kebahasaan  pada  teks  deskriptif  sederhana  lisan  dan  tulis  tentang tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah sesuai dengan penggunaan.
2.    Menjelaskan isi deskripsi lisan dan tulis tentang tempat wisata dan bangunan  bersejarah  dengan  memperhatikan  tujuan  komunikasi, struktur  teks,  dan  unsur  kebahasaan  teks  deskriptif  sesuai  konteks penggunaan.
3.    Mendeskripsikan secara lisan dan tulis tempat wisata atau bangunan bersejarah dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks deskripsi secara benar sesuai konteks penggunaan.

Descriptive text, Rangkuman Materi, SMA, SMK, MA, MAK, 2020-2021, Download, Unduh, PDF
Rangkuman Materi Descriptive text Kelas X SMA SMK MA MAK Tahun 2020/2021

 II.   Definisi dan Fungsi Sosial  Teks Decriptif (social function)
A descriptive text describes a particular object like a place, thing, or person. What is the author’s purpose in writing a description? The author wants to describe the particular object by describing its or his/her specific features to help readers visualize what a person, an animal, a park, or a thing is like.
Teks deskriptif adalah teks yang menjelaskan tentang sesuatu secara spesifik/khusus mengenai tempat, benda atau orang. Tujuan dari penulisan teks ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara spesifik mengenai ciri dan karakteristiknya untuk membantu pembaca lebih memahami seperti apakah objek tersebut baik orang binatang, tempat atau sesuatu yang dideskripsikan.
III.   Struktur Teks Descriptif (Generic Structure)
How is a descriptive text constructed? It starts with an opening paragraph. In the paragraph there is a topic sentence that introduces the object going to be described. A series of paragraphs follow the opening to describe the parts or the features or the specific characteristics of the subject.
Bagaimana struktur dari teks deskriptif? Teks ini biaanya dimulai dengan paragraf pembuka. Di dalam suatu paragraf ada topic sentence(Identification)yang memperkenalkan objek spesifik yang hendak dideskripsikan. Kemudian diikuti serangkain paragraf yang menjelaskan bagian-bagian, kualitas, ciri-ciri dan karakteristiknya (Description)
IV.   Ciri-ciri Kebahasaan (Language Features)
1.    Menjelaskan sesuatu/objek yang spesifik/khusus
2.    Menggunakan simple present tense
3.    Menggunakan kata kerja attributive: has/has dan identifying:is, are.
4.    Menggunakan adjective (Kata sifat) dalam mendeskripsikan objek
 V.   Contoh Teks Deskriptif
TANJUNG PUTING NATIONAL PARK
Tanjung Puting National Park is an internationally famous ecotourism destination, which is located in the southwest of Central Kalimantan peninsula. Visitors from foreign countries come to this park because of its amazing nature. This is called a park, but unlike any park that you have seen in your city, this is a jungle! It is a real jungle, which is home to the most interesting animal in the world: orangutans.
Though the park is home to many animals, seeing orangutans is usually the visitors’ main reason to visit the park. Orangutans, which literally mean the man of the forest, are the largest arboreal animal on the planet. Most of their lives are spent in trees where orangutans travel from branch to branch by climbing or swinging with their long arms.
To see orangutans, we should go to Camp Leakey, which is located in the heart of Tanjung Puting National Park.  Camp Leakey is a rehabilitation place for ex-captive orang utans and also a preservation site. It is also a famous center for research about orangutans which has been conducted by the famous primatologist Dr. Birute Galdikas since 1971. Here visitors can see daily feedings to orangutans at jungle platforms as part of the rehabilitation process to their natural habitat. This event gives them opportunity to see orangutans up close. 
To reach the place, we should take a boat down Sekonyer river. The boat is popularly called perahu klotok  which is a boathouse that can accommodate four people. The trip by the boat to Camp Leakey takes three days and two nights. You sleep, cook, and eat in that klotok, night and day during your journey into the jungle.
The traveling in the boat offers an unforgettable experience. In daylight, on your way to Camp Leakey, you can see  trees  filled  with  proboscis  monkeys, monkeys that have enormous snout which can only be found in Kalimantan. The monkeys anxiously await klotok arrivals. A troop of 30 light-brown monkeys may plunge from branches 10 meters or higher into the river and cross directly in front of the boat. These monkeys know that the boat’s engine noise and the threat of its propeller scare crocodiles, which find these chubby monkeys delicious. At night, you can enjoy the clear sky and the amazingly bright stars as the only lights for the night.
With such exotic nature, no wonder many tourists from foreign countries who love ecotourism frequently visit Tanjung Puting National Park. What about you?
Text sources:
 (1) https://www.lonelyplanet.com/indonesia/tanjung-puting- national-park/sights/natural-parks-forests/tanjung-puting-national-park
(2) www. Indonesian.travel.com; (3) www. Exploguide.com

   I.  Grammar Review
Nouns and Adjectives
Noun is a thing, a place, or a person, an animal, while adjective is a word that describes a noun. An adjective that describes a noun is called a modifier. A noun that  goes  with  a  modifier  is  called a noun phrase.
Benda, tempat, orang, dan binatang termasuk Noun (Kata benda), sedangkan adjective(kata sifat) adalah suatu kata yang menjelaskan Noun(benda). Kata sifat yang menjelaskan kata benda disebut dengan modifier. Kata benda yang berdampingan dengan modifier disebut Noun phrase.
Contoh:
No
Adjectives
Nouns
Noun phrases
1.
beautiful
bird
Beautiful bird
2.
unique
monkey
Unique monkey
3.
nice
place
Nice place
Contoh dalam kalimat:
1.  Taj Mahal offers spectacular view.
2.  Tanjung Puting National Park offers an impressive experience.
3.  In a real jungle, we can see many incredible animals.
4. Imagine yourself to be in the jungle and meet these special animals in their original      habitat.
The common word order of adjectivesbefore a noun.
Opinion
Size
Age
Color
Nationality
Material
Noun
Impressive
large
old
purple
chinese
ceramic
vase
Beautiful
little
young
dark
Indonesian
girl
Contoh:
1.    
1.    Large black stones: Size, color, noun.
2.    a unique golden monkey: opinion, color, noun.
3.    Octagonal marble chamber: opinion, material, noun
4.    Beautiful big young girl: opinion, size, age, noun.

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